Columbia County, AR

County

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2022 Population
22,707
1.05% 1-year decline
US Senator
John Boozman
Republican Party
US Senator
Tom Cotton
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
35.1
0.847% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
22.5%
3.92% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$47,441
15.4% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$123,200
15.9% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
9,232
2.92% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Columbia County, AR had a population of 22.7k people with a median age of 35.1 and a median household income of $47,441. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Columbia County, AR declined from 22,947 to 22,707, a −1.05% decrease and its median household income grew from $41,115 to $47,441, a 15.4% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Columbia County, AR are White (Non-Hispanic) (59.1%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (35.6%), White (Hispanic) (2.04%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (1.61%), and Other (Hispanic) (0.537%).

None of the households in Columbia County, AR reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

98.8% of the residents in Columbia County, AR are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Columbia County, AR are Southern Arkansas University Main Campus (1,349 degrees awarded in 2022).

In 2022, the median property value in Columbia County, AR was $123,200, and the homeownership rate was 72.3%.

Most people in Columbia County, AR drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 20.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Columbia County, AR was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Columbia County, AR is home to a population of 22.7k people, from which 98.8% are citizens. As of 2022, 1.34% of Columbia County, AR residents were born outside of the country (304 people).

In 2022, there were 1.66 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (13.4k people) in Columbia County, AR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 8.08k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 464 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

98.8%
2022 Citizenship
98.8%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 98.8% of Columbia County, AR residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Columbia County, AR was 98.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Columbia County, AR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Columbia County, AR
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    13.4k ± 46
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    8.08k ± 52
  3. White (Hispanic)
    464 ± 147
3%
Hispanic Population
681 people

In 2022, there were 1.66 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (13.4k people) in Columbia County, AR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 8.08k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 464 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

3% of the people in Columbia County, AR are hispanic (681 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Columbia County, AR as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Arkansas.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    62,018 ± 6,050 people
  2. El Salvador
    15,360 ± 3,035 people
  3. India
    9,985 ± 2,449 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Arkansas was Mexico, the natal country of 62,018 Arkansas residents, followed by El Salvador with 15,360 and India with 9,985.

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Foreign-Born Population

1.34%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
304 people
1.7%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
390 people

As of 2022, 1.34% of Columbia County, AR residents (304 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Columbia County, AR was 1.7%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Columbia County, AR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    329 ± 129
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    225 ± 126
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    169 ± 107

Columbia County, AR has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.46 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Columbia County, AR employs 9.23k people. The largest industries in Columbia County, AR are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,401 people), Educational Services (1,389 people), and Manufacturing (1,387 people), and the highest paying industries are Information ($65,750), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($63,571), and Utilities ($62,143).

Males in Arkansas have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $50,335. The income inequality in Arkansas (measured using the Gini index) is 0.452, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

9.23k
2022 Value
± 802
2.92%
1 Year growth
± 12%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Columbia County, AR grew at a rate of 2.92%, from 8.97k employees to 9.23k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Columbia County, AR, are Production Occupations (1,234 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (879 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (752 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Columbia County, AR.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Arkansas (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

9.23k
2022 Value
± 802
2.92%
1 Year growth
± 12%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Columbia County, AR grew at a rate of 2.92%, from 8.97k employees to 9.23k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Columbia County, AR, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,401 people), Educational Services (1,389 people), and Manufacturing (1,387 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Columbia County, AR, though some of these residents may live in Columbia County, AR and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$39,666
Median earning men ± $3,509
$26,510
Median earning women ± $3,790

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($81,042), Information ($66,500), and Manufacturing ($58,772).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($58,333), Public Administration ($53,750), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($50,605).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arkansas.
Y-Axis
2.24%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 1.35M people employed in Arkansas. This represents a 2.24% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 8.69%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Arkansas.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 195
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 154
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 141
    Manufacturing

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Columbia County, AR went to Donald J. Trump with 63.8% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (32.7%), followed by Other (2.89%).

John Boozman and Tom Cotton are the senators currently representing the state of Arkansas. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Arkansas is currently represented by 4 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Arkansas

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Arkansas.
John Boozman
Senator from Arkansas3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011
Tom Cotton
Senator from Arkansas2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015

John Boozman and Tom Cotton are the senators currently representing Arkansas.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Arkansas over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Arkansas

Arkansas is currently represented by 4 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Arkansas have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Columbia County, AR awarded 1,349 degrees. The student population of Columbia County, AR in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 2,296 male students and 2,798 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Columbia County, AR are White (907 and 72.9%), followed by Black or African American (236 and 19%), Hispanic or Latino (43 and 3.46%), and Two or More Races (27 and 2.17%).

The largest universities in Columbia County, AR by number of degrees awarded are Southern Arkansas University Main Campus (1,349 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Columbia County, AR are General Studies (307 and 22.8%), General Business (137 and 10.2%), and General Computer & Information Sciences (96 and 7.12%).

The median tuition cost in Columbia County, AR for a public four year colleges is $7,020 for in-state students and $12,450 for out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Columbia County, AR, the percentage of applicants admitted was 63.6%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 38.1%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 5,094 (45.1% men and 54.9% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 5,094 students enrolled in Columbia County, AR, 45.1% men and 54.9% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 2,665 records, of which 61.3% were women and 38.7% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 34 degrees awarded
  2. 87 degrees awarded
  3. 43 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Columbia County, AR was General Biological Sciences with 34 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Columbia County, AR according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
1,349 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Southern Arkansas University Main Campus with 1,349 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 476 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Columbia County, AR, which is 0.545 times less than the 873 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 907 degrees mean that there were 3.84 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 236 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Public, 4-year or above ($7,020) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($2,560) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,600) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arkansas.
Measure

In 2022, 0.946% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.851% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arkansas.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (793k), Some college (528k), and Secondary Education (350k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Columbia County, AR was $123,200 in 2022, which is 0.437 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $106,300 to $123,200, a 15.9% increase. The homeownership rate in Columbia County, AR is 72.3%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Columbia County, AR have an average commute time of 20.7 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Columbia County, AR is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Columbia County, AR is $47,441. In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Columbia County, AR was Census Tract 9501 with a value of $63,333, followed by Census Tract 9502 and Census Tract 9505, with respective values of $39,741 and $17,346.

In 2022, 15.3% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Columbia County, AR. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 1.35%.

Property

$123,200
Median Property Value 2022
±$15,480
$5,660
Median Property Taxes
±$542

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbia County, AR the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Columbia County, AR compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

72.3%
Homeownership
2022
62.4%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 72.3% of the housing units in Columbia County, AR were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 71.7%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Columbia County, AR compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9501
  2. Census Tract 9502
  3. Census Tract 9505

In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Columbia County, AR was Census Tract 9501 with a value of $63,333, followed by Census Tract 9502 and Census Tract 9505, with respective values of $39,741 and $17,346.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Columbia County, AR colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$47,441
Median Household Income
± $6,433
7.83k
Number of Households
± 708

In 2022, the median household income of the 7.83k households in Columbia County, AR grew to $47,441 from the previous year's value of $41,115.

The following chart displays the households in Columbia County, AR distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Columbia County, AR is from Arkansas.
0.452
2022 Wage GINI in Arkansas
0.45
2021 Wage GINI in Arkansas

In 2022, the income inequality in Arkansas was 0.452 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.376% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Arkansas was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Arkansas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Arkansas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (85.1%)
  2. Carpooled (6.59%)
  3. Walked (3.92%)

In 2022, 85.1% of workers in Columbia County, AR drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (6.59%) and those who walked to work (3.92%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

20.7 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Columbia County, AR have a shorter commute time (20.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 3.44% of the workforce in Columbia County, AR have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Columbia County, AR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Columbia County, AR distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Columbia County, AR have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2022, 15.3% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Columbia County, AR. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 1.35%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

22.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Columbia County, AR (4.68k out of 20.8k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 35 - 44.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Columbia County, AR is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2022, 25.5% of the children was living in poverty in Columbia County, AR. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 8.8%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2022, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 317 in Columbia County, AR. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 122 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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Health

92.6% of the population of Columbia County, AR has health coverage, with 38.1% on employee plans, 25.1% on Medicaid, 13% on Medicare, 15.3% on non-group plans, and 1.15% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Columbia County, AR see 1676 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.297% decrease from the previous year (1681 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2333 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 518 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.4% were men and 52.6% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,676 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Columbia County, AR

Primary care physicians in Columbia County, AR see an average of 1,676 patients per year. This represents a 0.297% decrease from the previous year (1,681 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Columbia County, AR in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 23.1% under 18 years, 27.3% between 18 and 34 years, 33.1% between 35 and 64 years, and 16.5% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.4% were men and 52.6% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

7.37%
Uninsured
38.1%
Employer Coverage
25.1%
Medicaid
13%
Medicare
15.3%
Non-Group
1.15%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Columbia County, AR grew by 6.08% from 6.94% to 7.37%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Columbia County, AR changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 72 in Columbia County, AR.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Columbia County, AR.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 42.5% in Columbia County, AR.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Columbia County, AR.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 9.73% in Columbia County, AR.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Columbia County, AR.

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