Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
107,614
4.06% 1-year decline
US Senator
Marsha Blackburn
Republican Party
US Senator
Bill Hagerty
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
48.8
1.04% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
15.1%
0.177% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$52,482
7.91% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$178,600
17.2% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN had a population of 108k people with a median age of 48.8 and a median household income of $52,482. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN declined from 112,170 to 107,614, a −4.06% decrease and its median household income grew from $48,635 to $52,482, a 7.91% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN are White (Non-Hispanic) (93.8%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (1.86%), White (Hispanic) (1.17%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (0.959%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (0.712%).

2.32% of the households in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

98.9% of the residents in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN are Tennessee College of Applied Technology-Crossville (297 degrees awarded in 2022).

In 2022, the median property value in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN was $178,600, and the homeownership rate was 78%.

Most people in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 23.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN is home to a population of 108k people, from which 98.9% are citizens. As of 2022, 1.98% of Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN residents were born outside of the country (2.13k people).

In 2022, there were 50.3 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (101k people) in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.01k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 1.26k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN are Spanish (1,213 households), Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages (231 households), and German (186 households).

Citizenship

98.9%
2022 Citizenship
99.3%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 98.9% of Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN was 99.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    101k ± 153
  2. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    2.01k ± 267
  3. White (Hispanic)
    1.26k ± 360
2.91%
Hispanic Population
3.13k people

In 2022, there were 50.3 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (101k people) in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.01k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 1.26k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

2.91% of the people in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN are hispanic (3.13k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN as a share of the total population.

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Foreign-Born Population

1.98%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
2.13k people
1.6%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
1.8k people

As of 2022, 1.98% of Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN residents (2.13k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN was 1.6%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    1,213 households (1.19%)
  2. Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages
    231 households (0.226%)
  3. German
    186 households (0.182%)

2.32% of the households in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is lower than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN was Spanish. 1.19% of the households in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    3,904 ± 324
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,215 ± 284
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    850 ± 199

Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.21 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN employs 36.2k people. The largest industries in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN are Restaurants & Food Services (2,637 people), Construction (2,211 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (1,660 people), and the highest paying industries are Architectural, engineering & related services ($125,963), Management, scientific & technical consulting services ($107,200), and Veterinary services ($100,317).

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
18,221
Women
47.3%
20,276
Men
52.7%

The workforce of Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN in 2020 was 38,497 people, with 47.3% woman, and 52.7% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN.

With the upper buttons you can see the distribution of the average salary and add a filter by race.

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Occupations

36.2k
2022 Value
−4.92%
1 Year decline
± −4.92%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN declined at a rate of −4.92%, from 38.1k employees to 36.2k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,446 people), Cashiers (1,236 people), and Laborers & freight, stock, & material movers, hand (936 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Tennessee (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

36.2k
2022 Value
−4.92%
1 Year decline
± −4.92%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN declined at a rate of −4.92%, from 38.1k employees to 36.2k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN, are Restaurants & Food Services (2,637 people), Construction (2,211 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (1,660 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN, though some of these residents may live in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$40,307
Median earning men ± $1,824
$29,083
Median earning women ± $1,657

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Wholesale Trade ($72,011), Information ($62,679), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($56,693).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($42,232), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($41,097), and Public Administration ($36,055).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.
Y-Axis
3.15%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 3.29M people employed in Tennessee. This represents a 3.15% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 10.8%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Tennessee.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Tennessee went to Donald J. Trump with 60.7% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (37.5%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (0.978%).

Marsha Blackburn and Bill Hagerty are the senators currently representing the state of Tennessee. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Tennessee is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Tennessee

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.
Marsha Blackburn
Senator from Tennessee1
Assumed office on January 3, 2019
Bill Hagerty
Senator from Tennessee2
Assumed office on January 3, 2021

Marsha Blackburn and Bill Hagerty are the senators currently representing Tennessee.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Tennessee over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Tennessee

Tennessee is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Tennessee have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN awarded 297 degrees. The student population of Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN in 2022 is skewed towards men, with 354 male students and 141 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN are White (261 and 87.9%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (16 and 5.39%), Two or More Races (10 and 3.37%), and Unknown (6 and 2.02%).

The largest universities in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN by number of degrees awarded are Tennessee College of Applied Technology-Crossville (297 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN are Licensed Practical & Vocational Nurse Training (54 and 18.2%), Truck, Bus, & Commercial Vehicle Operator & Instructor (32 and 10.8%), and Welding Technology (31 and 10.4%).

Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 0.795% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.721% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (36.7k), Some college (18.9k), and Secondary Education (13.7k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN was $178,600 in 2022, which is 0.634 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $152,400 to $178,600, a 17.2% increase. The homeownership rate in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN is 78%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN have an average commute time of 23.5 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN is $52,482. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN was Williamson County--Brentwood & Franklin cities, Nolensville town (west) PUMA, TN with a value of $127,269, followed by Williamson County--Thompson Station town & Fairview city PUMA, TN and Shelby County (Southeast)--Collierville town & Germantown city PUMA, TN, with respective values of $123,165 and $116,819.

Property

$178,600
Median Property Value 2022
±$6,701
$35,302
Median Property Taxes
±$1,323

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

78%
Homeownership
2022
69%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 78% of the housing units in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 77.7%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN was Williamson County--Brentwood & Franklin cities, Nolensville town (west) PUMA, TN with a value of $127,269, followed by Williamson County--Thompson Station town & Fairview city PUMA, TN and Shelby County (Southeast)--Collierville town & Germantown city PUMA, TN, with respective values of $123,165 and $116,819.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$52,482
Median Household Income
± $1,923
45.3k
Number of Households
± 1,591

In 2022, the median household income of the 45.3k households in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN grew to $52,482 from the previous year's value of $48,635.

The following chart displays the households in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.411
2022 Wage GINI in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN
0.407
2021 Wage GINI in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN

In 2022, the income inequality in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN was 0.411 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.874% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (82.4%)
  2. Carpooled (8.59%)
  3. Worked At Home (5.95%)

In 2022, 82.4% of workers in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (8.59%) and those who worked at home (5.95%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

23.5 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN have a shorter commute time (23.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.72% of the workforce in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

15.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN (16k out of 106k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 65 - 74, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Females 75+.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

90% of the population of Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN has health coverage, with 33.5% on employee plans, 20% on Medicaid, 19.6% on Medicare, 14.9% on non-group plans, and 2.02% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Tennessee see 1401 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.358% increase from the previous year (1396 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1794 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 594 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.
1,401 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Tennessee

Primary care physicians in Tennessee see an average of 1,401 patients per year. This represents a 0.358% increase from the previous year (1,396 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Tennessee in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 19.9% under 18 years, 16% between 18 and 34 years, 37.2% between 35 and 64 years, and 26.9% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.3% were men and 51.7% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

9.97%
Uninsured
33.5%
Employer Coverage
20%
Medicaid
19.6%
Medicare
14.9%
Non-Group
2.02%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN grew by 0.0929% from 9.97% to 9.97%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Cumberland, White & Fentress Counties--Crossville city PUMA, TN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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