Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
134,367
0.395% 1-year growth
US Senator
Martin Heinrich
Democratic Party
US Senator
Ben Ray Luján
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
33.6
0.299% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
15%
5.1% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$72,411
11.9% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$173,800
11% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
55,423
1.72% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM had a population of 134k people with a median age of 33.6 and a median household income of $72,411. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM grew from 133,839 to 134,367, a 0.395% increase and its median household income grew from $64,739 to $72,411, a 11.9% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM are White (Non-Hispanic) (37.4%), White (Hispanic) (28.8%), Two+ (Hispanic) (19.2%), Other (Hispanic) (8.01%), and Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (2.54%).

34.5% of the households in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

91% of the residents in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM are New Mexico Junior College (402 degrees awarded in 2022), University of the Southwest (292 degrees), and Southeast New Mexico College (157 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM was $173,800, and the homeownership rate was 70.8%.

Most people in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 22.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM is home to a population of 134k people, from which 91% are citizens. As of 2022, 12.4% of Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM residents were born outside of the country (16.7k people).

In 2022, there were 1.3 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (50.3k people) in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM than any other race or ethnicity. There were 38.7k White (Hispanic) and 25.8k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM are Spanish (41,438 households), German (305 households), and Tagalog (Incl. Filipino) (176 households).

Residents by Gender and Age

RACE/ETHNICITY
64,925
Women
48.3%
69,361
Men
51.7%

The resident population of United States in 2022 was 134,286 inhabitants, with 51.7% men, and 48.3% women.

The visualization shows the distribution of the residents by gender and age in the United States.

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Citizenship

91%
2022 Citizenship
91.1%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 91% of Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM was 91.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    50.3k ± 382
  2. White (Hispanic)
    38.7k ± 2.17k
  3. Two+ (Hispanic)
    25.8k ± 2.04k
57%
Hispanic Population
76.5k people

In 2022, there were 1.3 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (50.3k people) in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM than any other race or ethnicity. There were 38.7k White (Hispanic) and 25.8k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

57% of the people in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM are hispanic (76.5k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    14,417 ± 2,785 people
  2. Cuba
    316 ± 436 people
  3. Honduras
    220 ± 364 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM was Mexico, the natal country of 14,417 Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM residents, followed by Cuba with 316 and Honduras with 220.

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Foreign-Born Population

12.4%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
16.7k people
12.3%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
16.5k people

As of 2022, 12.4% of Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM residents (16.7k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM was 12.3%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    41,438 households (33.4%)
  2. German
    305 households (0.246%)
  3. Tagalog (Incl. Filipino)
    176 households (0.142%)

34.5% of the households in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is higher than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM was Spanish. 33.4% of the households in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    1,687 ± 280
  2. Gulf War (1990s)
    971 ± 336
  3. Gulf War (2001-)
    818 ± 232

Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.74 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM employs 55.4k people. The largest industries in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM are Support activities for mining (6,572 people), Construction (4,191 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (4,174 people), and the highest paying industries are Metal ore mining ($136,571), Petroleum refining ($128,086), and Commercial, industrial & other intangible assets rental & leasing ($121,479).

Males in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM have an average income that is 1.6 times higher than the average income of females, which is $47,872. The income inequality in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM (measured using the Gini index) is 0.447, which is lower than than the national average.

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
22,139
Women
41.4%
31,351
Men
58.6%

The workforce of Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM in 2020 was 53,490 people, with 41.4% woman, and 58.6% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM.

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Occupations

55.4k
2022 Value
1.72%
1 Year growth
± 1.72%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM grew at a rate of 1.72%, from 54.5k employees to 55.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (2,901 people), Other managers (1,737 people), and Cashiers (1,518 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in New Mexico (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

55.4k
2022 Value
1.72%
1 Year growth
± 1.72%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM grew at a rate of 1.72%, from 54.5k employees to 55.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM, are Support activities for mining (6,572 people), Construction (4,191 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (4,174 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM, though some of these residents may live in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$61,030
Median earning men ± $3,338
$31,696
Median earning women ± $2,107

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($77,414), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($76,326), and Manufacturing ($70,669).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($52,902), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($47,708), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($41,958).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.
Y-Axis
2.72%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 860k people employed in New Mexico. This represents a 2.72% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 10.8%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in New Mexico.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in New Mexico went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 54.3% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (43.5%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.36%).

Martin Heinrich and Ben Ray Luján are the senators currently representing the state of New Mexico. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

New Mexico is currently represented by 3 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from New Mexico

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.
Martin Heinrich
Senator from New Mexico1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013
Ben Ray Luján
Senator from New Mexico2
Assumed office on January 3, 2021

Martin Heinrich and Ben Ray Luján are the senators currently representing New Mexico.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in New Mexico over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from New Mexico

New Mexico is currently represented by 3 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for New Mexico have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM awarded 851 degrees. The student population of Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 1,879 male students and 3,088 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM are Hispanic or Latino (410 and 48.5%), followed by White (298 and 35.3%), Black or African American (65 and 7.69%), and Unknown (31 and 3.67%).

The largest universities in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM by number of degrees awarded are New Mexico Junior College (402 and 47.2%), University of the Southwest (292 and 34.3%), and Southeast New Mexico College (157 and 18.4%).

The most popular majors in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM are General Studies (303 and 35.6%), School Counseling & Guidance Services (53 and 6.23%), and Criminal Justice - Police Science (46 and 5.41%).

The median tuition cost in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM for private four year colleges is $17,000.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

Measure

In 2019 in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM, the percentage of applicants admitted was 45.4%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 69.5%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 4,967 (37.8% men and 62.2% women).

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

In 2022 there were 4,967 students enrolled in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM, 37.8% men and 62.2% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in Hispanic or Latino with 2,686 records, of which 62.8% were women and 37.2% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 294 degrees awarded
  2. 46 degrees awarded
  3. 21 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM was General Studies with 294 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 402 degrees awarded
  2. 292 degrees awarded
  3. 157 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was New Mexico Junior College with 402 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

In 2022, 307 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM, which is 0.564 times less than the 544 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was Hispanic or Latino students. These 410 degrees mean that there were 1.38 times more degrees awarded to Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 298 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($17,000) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($336) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($1,460) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 1.63% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.24% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (31.7k), Some college (22.9k), and Secondary Education (20.5k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM was $173,800 in 2022, which is 0.617 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $156,600 to $173,800, a 11% increase. The homeownership rate in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM is 70.8%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM have an average commute time of 22.3 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM is $72,411. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM was Albuquerque NW PUMA, NM with a value of $79,788, followed by Albuquerque Far NE PUMA, NM and Sandoval County New Mexico PUMA, NM, with respective values of $78,310 and $76,424.

Property

$173,800
Median Property Value 2022
±$4,935
$33,346
Median Property Taxes
±$1,548

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

70.8%
Homeownership
2022
65.8%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 70.8% of the housing units in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 69.5%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM was Albuquerque NW PUMA, NM with a value of $79,788, followed by Albuquerque Far NE PUMA, NM and Sandoval County New Mexico PUMA, NM, with respective values of $78,310 and $76,424.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$72,411
Median Household Income
± $3,710
47.1k
Number of Households
± 2,059

In 2022, the median household income of the 47.1k households in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM grew to $72,411 from the previous year's value of $64,739.

The following chart displays the households in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.447
2022 Wage GINI in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM
0.435
2021 Wage GINI in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM

In 2022, the income inequality in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM was 0.447 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 2.93% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (80.2%)
  2. Carpooled (13%)
  3. Worked At Home (4.42%)

In 2022, 80.2% of workers in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (13%) and those who worked at home (4.42%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

22.3 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM have a shorter commute time (22.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 6.06% of the workforce in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

15% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM (19.7k out of 131k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 45 - 54.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM is Hispanic, followed by White and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

88.3% of the population of Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM has health coverage, with 44.1% on employee plans, 25.5% on Medicaid, 9.37% on Medicare, 8.61% on non-group plans, and 0.686% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in New Mexico see 1316 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.5% decrease from the previous year (1336 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1449 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 238 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.
1,316 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in New Mexico

Primary care physicians in New Mexico see an average of 1,316 patients per year. This represents a 1.5% decrease from the previous year (1,336 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in New Mexico in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 30.4% under 18 years, 21.9% between 18 and 34 years, 35.2% between 35 and 64 years, and 12.6% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 50% were men and 50% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

11.7%
Uninsured
44.1%
Employer Coverage
25.5%
Medicaid
9.37%
Medicare
8.61%
Non-Group
0.686%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM declined by 3.28% from 12.1% to 11.7%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Lea and Eddy County PUMA, NM changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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