Union County, SD

County

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2022 Population
16,700
1.68% 1-year growth
US Senator
John Thune
Republican Party
US Senator
Mike Rounds
Republican Party
US Representative
Dusty Johnson
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
40.1
1.01% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
8.25%
8.89% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$82,036
2.24% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$254,900
15.2% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Union County, SD had a population of 16.7k people with a median age of 40.1 and a median household income of $82,036. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Union County, SD grew from 16,424 to 16,700, a 1.68% increase and its median household income grew from $80,238 to $82,036, a 2.24% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Union County, SD are White (Non-Hispanic) (89.2%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.18%), White (Hispanic) (1.83%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (1.7%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (1.44%).

None of the households in Union County, SD reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

98.6% of the residents in Union County, SD are U.S. citizens.

In 2022, the median property value in Union County, SD was $254,900, and the homeownership rate was 70%.

Most people in Union County, SD drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 18.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Union County, SD was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Union County, SD is home to a population of 16.7k people, from which 98.6% are citizens. As of 2022, 2.41% of Union County, SD residents were born outside of the country (402 people).

In 2022, there were 28.1 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (14.9k people) in Union County, SD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 531 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 306 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

98.6%
2022 Citizenship
98.8%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 98.6% of Union County, SD residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Union County, SD was 98.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Union County, SD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Union County, SD
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    14.9k ± 211
  2. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    531 ± 189
  3. White (Hispanic)
    306 ± 149
4.14%
Hispanic Population
691 people

In 2022, there were 28.1 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (14.9k people) in Union County, SD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 531 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 306 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

4.14% of the people in Union County, SD are hispanic (691 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Union County, SD as a share of the total population.

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Foreign-Born Population

2.41%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
402 people
2.12%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
349 people

As of 2022, 2.41% of Union County, SD residents (402 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Union County, SD was 2.12%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Union County, SD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    393 ± 86
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    252 ± 94
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    199 ± 138

Union County, SD has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.56 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Union County, SD employs 8.51k people. The largest industries in Union County, SD are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,386 people), Manufacturing (1,154 people), and Retail Trade (898 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($112,500), Finance & Insurance ($90,143), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($88,333).

Occupations

8.51k
2022 Value
± 601
1.89%
1 Year growth
± 9.84%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Union County, SD grew at a rate of 1.89%, from 8.35k employees to 8.51k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Union County, SD, are Management Occupations (1,163 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (984 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (818 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Union County, SD.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in South Dakota (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

8.51k
2022 Value
± 601
1.89%
1 Year growth
± 9.84%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Union County, SD grew at a rate of 1.89%, from 8.35k employees to 8.51k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Union County, SD, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,386 people), Manufacturing (1,154 people), and Retail Trade (898 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Union County, SD, though some of these residents may live in Union County, SD and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$58,066
Median earning men ± $6,213
$39,795
Median earning women ± $2,511

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($110,000), Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($86,563), and Wholesale Trade ($76,838).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($63,333), Wholesale Trade ($57,933), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($46,838).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.
Y-Axis
2.37%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 450k people employed in South Dakota. This represents a 2.37% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 8.96%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in South Dakota.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 222
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 171
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 102
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Union County, SD went to Donald J. Trump with 67.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (30.8%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (2.1%).

John Thune and Mike Rounds are the senators currently representing the state of South Dakota. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Union County, SD is currently represented by Dusty Johnson in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from South Dakota

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.
John Thune
Senator from South Dakota3
Assumed office on January 3, 2005
Mike Rounds
Senator from South Dakota2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015

John Thune and Mike Rounds are the senators currently representing South Dakota.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in South Dakota over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Union County, SD

Dusty Johnson
South Dakota at-large Representative
Republican Party

Union County, SD is currently represented by Dusty Johnson (Republican Party).

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the member for Union County, SD have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.
Measure

In 2022, 0.574% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.482% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (206k), Some college (148k), and Bachelors Degree (133k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Union County, SD was $254,900 in 2022, which is 0.904 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $221,300 to $254,900, a 15.2% increase. The homeownership rate in Union County, SD is 70%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Union County, SD have an average commute time of 18.8 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Union County, SD is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Property

$254,900
Median Property Value 2022
±$14,691
$4,880
Median Property Taxes
±$397

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, SD the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Union County, SD compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

70%
Homeownership
2022
67.6%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 70% of the housing units in Union County, SD were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 69.6%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Union County, SD compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 202
  2. Census Tract 201

The following map shows all of the tracts in Union County, SD colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$82,036
Median Household Income
± $6,056
6.97k
Number of Households
± 559

In 2022, the median household income of the 6.97k households in Union County, SD grew to $82,036 from the previous year's value of $80,238.

The following chart displays the households in Union County, SD distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Union County, SD is from South Dakota.
0.438
2022 Wage GINI in South Dakota
0.439
2021 Wage GINI in South Dakota

In 2022, the income inequality in South Dakota was 0.438 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.26% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for South Dakota was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in South Dakota in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in South Dakota across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (83.9%)
  2. Worked At Home (7.48%)
  3. Carpooled (5.9%)

In 2022, 83.9% of workers in Union County, SD drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (7.48%) and those who carpooled to work (5.9%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

18.8 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Union County, SD have a shorter commute time (18.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 0.782% of the workforce in Union County, SD have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Union County, SD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Union County, SD distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Union County, SD have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

8.25% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Union County, SD (1.36k out of 16.5k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 25 - 34 and then Females 65 - 74.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Union County, SD is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

94.9% of the population of Union County, SD has health coverage, with 60.9% on employee plans, 7.12% on Medicaid, 13.8% on Medicare, 11.4% on non-group plans, and 1.68% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Union County, SD see 1328 patients per year on average, which represents a 15% decrease from the previous year (1562 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1012 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 2313 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 50.1% were men and 49.9% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,328 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Union County, SD

Primary care physicians in Union County, SD see an average of 1,328 patients per year. This represents a 15% decrease from the previous year (1,562 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Union County, SD in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 25.7% under 18 years, 18.6% between 18 and 34 years, 37.7% between 35 and 64 years, and 18.1% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 50.1% were men and 49.9% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

5.13%
Uninsured
60.9%
Employer Coverage
7.12%
Medicaid
13.8%
Medicare
11.4%
Non-Group
1.68%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Union County, SD declined by 15% from 6.04% to 5.13%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Union County, SD changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Union County, SD.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 31.8% in Union County, SD.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Union County, SD.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 8.23% in Union County, SD.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Union County, SD.

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