Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity

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2022 Undergraduate Tuition
$11,564
1.07% growth from 2021
2022 Average Net Price
$18,903
After Financial Aid
2022 Acceptance Rate
39.8%
5,130,906 Applicants
2022 Enrolled Students
3,719,583
83% Full-Time
2022 Graduation Rate
79.3%
368,639 Graduates

About

Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity is a Carnegie Classification grouping of higher education institutions. In 2022, the most popular Bachelor's Degree concentrations at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity were General Business Administration & Management (42,175 degrees awarded), General Psychology (31,217 degrees), and General Biological Sciences (29,050 degrees).

In 2022, 1,092,663 degrees were awarded across all undergraduate and graduate programs at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity. 54.9% of these degrees were awarded to women, and 45.1% awarded men. The most common race/ethnicity group of degree recipients was white (535,137 degrees), 3.82 times more than then the next closest race/ethnicity group, hispanic or latino (140,207 degrees).

The median undergraduate tuition at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity is $11,564, which is $1,008 more than than the national median of $10,556. The cost of out-of-state tuition is $36,239, which is 313% of the cost for in-state students, and is $21,306 more than than the national median $14,933.

Costs

The median in-state tuition for Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity is $11,564, which is $884 more than than the national median in-state tuition of $10,680. The cost of out-of-state tuition is $36,239, which is 313% of the cost for in-state students, and is $21,306 more than than the national median out-of-state tuition of $14,933.

After taking grants and loans into account, the average net price for students is $18,903.

Tuition Costs

$11,564
2022 Undergraduate Tuition

In 2022, the cost of out-of-state tuition at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity was $36,239, which is 313% of the cost for in-state students, which was $11,564. The cost of out-of-state tuition at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity is $21,306 more than than the overall (public and private) national median of $14,933, and the in-state tuition is $884 more than than the overall (public and private) national median $10,680.

This chart compares the tuition costs of Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity (in red) with those of other similar universities.

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Average Net Price

$18,903
2022 Value
2.95%
1 Year Growth

In 2022 Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity had an average net price — the price paid after factoring in grants and loans — of $18,903. Between 2021 and 2022, the average net price of Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity grew by 2.95%.

This chart compares the average net price of Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity (in red) with that of other similar universities.

Average net price is calculated from full-time beginning undergraduate students who were awarded a grant or scholarship from federal, state or local governments, or the institution.

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Other Student Expenses

$12,989
Room and Board
$1,168
Books and Supplies

The average yearly cost of room and board at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity was of $12,989 in 2022. The cost of room and board increased by 5.45% between 2021 and 2022.

During the same period, the average yearly cost of books and supplies was $1,168. The cost of books and supplies decreased by 0.849% during the same period.

This chart compares the average student costs at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity (in red) with that of similar universities.

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Financial Aid by Income Level

67%
Undergraduates Receiving Financial Aid through Grants
28%
Undergraduates Receiving Financial Aid through Loans

67% of undergraduate students at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity received financial aid through grants or loans in 2022. This represents a growth of 3.08% with respect to 2021, when 65% of undergraduate students received financial aid.

This chart compares the average award discount at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity (in red) with that of other similar universities.

The average award discount is the ratio between the average grant or scholarship value, and the cost, which is the sum of out-of-state tuition, room, board, book, supplies, and other expenses.

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Admissions

Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity received 5,130,906 undergraduate applications in 2022, which represents a 7.36% annual growth. Out of those 5,130,906 applicants, 2,039,633 students were accepted for enrollment, representing a 39.8% acceptance rate.

There were 3,719,583 students enrolled at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity in 2022. 38.4% of first-time enrollees submitted SAT scores with their applications.

Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity has an overall enrollment yield of 26.4%, which represents the number of admitted students who ended up enrolling.

Acceptance Rate

39.8%
Acceptance Rate in 2022
2,039,633
Accepted Out of 5,130,906

In 2022, the undergraduate acceptance rate of Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity was 39.8% (2,039,633 admissions from 5,130,906 applications). This is lower than the acceptance rate of 2021, which was 43.1%. Between 2021 and 2022, the number of applicants grew by 7.36%, while admissions declined by −0.922%..

This chart compares the acceptance rate of Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity (in red) with that of other similar universities, and the chart below shows the acceptance rate by gender.

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SAT Scores

38.4%
Submission Percentage (2022)
174,223
Scores Submitted (2022)

38.4% of enrolled first-time students at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity in 2022 submitted SAT scores with their applications.

The following chart shows the average SAT scores for the 25th, 50th, and 75th percentile of applicants for each section of the test that they are evaluated on.

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Enrollment

Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity had a total enrollment of 3,719,583 students in 2022. The full-time enrollment at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity is 3,088,642 students and the part-time enrollment is 630,941. This means that 83% of students enrolled at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity are enrolled full-time.

The enrolled student population at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity, both undergraduate and graduate, is 46% White, 14.1% Hispanic or Latino, 12.6% Asian, 6.68% Black or African American, 4.34% Two or More Races, 0.28% American Indian or Alaska Native, and 0.111% Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanders.

Students enrolled at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity in full-time Undergraduate programs are most commonly White Female (25.7%), followed by White Male (23.1%) and Hispanic or Latino Female (9.09%). Students enrolled in full-time Graduate programs are most commonly White Female (21.4%), followed by White Male (16.1%) and Asian Female (5.28%).

Full-Time vs Part-Time Enrollment

83%
Full-Time Enrollment

The total enrollment at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity in 2022, both undergraduate and graduate, is 3,719,583 students. The full-time enrollment at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity is 3,088,642 and the part-time enrollment is 630,941. This means that 83% of students enrolled at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity are enrolled full-time compared with 77.4% at similar Doctoral Universities.

This chart shows the full-time vs part-time enrollment status at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity (in red) compares to similar universities.

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Retention Rate over Time

91%
2022 Retention Rate

Retention rate measures the number of first-time students who began their studies the previous fall and returned to school the following fall. The retention rate for full-time undergraduates at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity was 91%. Compared with the full-time retention rate at similar Doctoral Universities (84%), Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity had a retention rate higher than its peers.

This chart shows the retention rate over time at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity (highlighted in red) compares to similar universities.

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Enrollment by Race & Ethnicity

Most Common Race or Ethnicity (2022)
  1. White
    1,711,969 enrolled students
  2. Hispanic or Latino
    526,217 enrolled students
  3. Asian
    467,696 enrolled students

The enrolled student population at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity is 46% White, 14.1% Hispanic or Latino, 12.6% Asian, 6.68% Black or African American, 4.34% Two or More Races, 0.28% American Indian or Alaska Native, and 0.111% Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanders. This includes both full-time and part-time students as well as graduate and undergraduates. By comparison, enrollment for all Doctoral Universities is 47.5% White, 15.5% Hispanic or Latino, and 9.58% Black or African American.

Any student who is studying in the United States on a temporary basis is categorized as a "Non-Resident Alien", and the share of those students are shown in the chart below. Additionally, 100,274 students (2.7%) did not report their race.

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Graduates

In 2022, 106,259 more women than men received degrees from Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity. The most common race/ethnicity group of degree recipients at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity is white (535,137 degrees awarded). There were 3.82 times more white recipients than the next closest race/ethnicity group, hispanic or latino (140207 degrees).

The most common Bachelor's Degree concentration at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity is General Psychology (29,279 degrees awarded), followed by General Biological Sciences (27,012 degrees) and Computer Science (19,061 degrees).

In 2022,  the most specialized majors across all degree types at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity, meaning they have significantly more degrees awarded in that concentration than the national average across all institutions, are Engineering (107,309 degrees awarded), Math & Statistics (27,304 degrees), and Physical Sciences (22,389 degrees).

Common Jobs by Major

Most Common Job

The most common jobs for people who hold a degree in one of the 5 most specialized majors at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity are Software developers (535,847 people), Physicians (486,313 people), Other managers (466,446 people), Miscellaneous engineers, including nuclear engineers (376,371 people), and Postsecondary teachers (302,804 people).

The most specialized majors at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity in 2022 are Engineering (107,309 degrees awarded), Math & Statistics (27,304 degrees), Physical Sciences (22,389 degrees), Biology (78,057 degrees), and Legal (28,163 degrees) (as of 2022).

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Highest Paying Jobs by Major

Highest Paying Job

The highest paying jobs for people who hold a degree in one of the 5 most specialized majors at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity are Podiatrists, Surgeons, Physicians, Securities, commodities, & financial services sales agents, and Chief executives & legislators

The most specialized majors at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity are Engineering (107,309 degrees awarded), Math & Statistics (27,304 degrees), Physical Sciences (22,389 degrees), Biology (78,057 degrees), and Legal (28,163 degrees) (as of 2022).

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Common Industries by Major

The most common industries for people who hold a degree in one of the 5 most specialized majors at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity are Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges (599,684 people), Computer Systems Design (595,855 people), General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (586,455 people), Architectural, engineering & related services (488,330 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (357,488 people).

The most specialized majors at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity are Engineering (107,309 degrees awarded), Math & Statistics (27,304 degrees), Physical Sciences (22,389 degrees), Biology (78,057 degrees), and Legal (28,163 degrees) (as of 2022).

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Majors Awarded

IPEDS uses the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) standard, so the categories may not match the exact concentrations offered by Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity.
Most Common (2022)
  1. 29,279 degrees awarded
  2. 27,012 degrees awarded
  3. 19,061 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common bachelors degree concentration at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity was General Psychology with 29,279 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of degree-majors recipients from bachelors degree programs at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity according to their major.

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Sex Breakdown for Common Majors

493,202
Degrees Awarded to Men
in 2022
599,461
Degrees Awarded to Women
in 2022

In 2022, 493,202 degrees were awarded to men at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity, which is 0.823 times less than the number of degrees awarded to females (599,461).

This chart displays the sex disparity between the top 5 majors at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity by degrees awarded.

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Most Common Male Majors

In 2022, 24725 degrees were awarded to men at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity in General Business Administration & Management, which is 1.42 times more than the 17450 female recipients with that same degree.

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Most Common Female Majors

In 2022, 24614 degrees were awarded to men at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity in General Psychology, which is 3.73 times more than the 6603 male recipients with that same degree.

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Time to Complete

66%
100% Completion Time
84%
150% Completion Time

In 2022, 66% of students graduating from Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity completed their program within 100% "normal time" (i.e. 4 years for a 4-year degree). Comparatively, 84% completed their degrees within 150% of the normal time, and 84.5% within 200%.

The following chart shows these completion rates over time compared to the average for the Doctoral Universities Carnegie Classification group.

Graduation rate is defined as the percentage of full-time, first-time students who received a degree or award within a specific percentage of "normal time" to completion for their program.

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Graduation Rate by Race and Sex

Showing demographic groups with ≥ 5 graduating students.
Asian Female
Highest Graduation Rate (88.8%)

The student demographic with the highest graduation rate in 2022 at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity is Female and Asian (88.8% graduation rate). Across all Doctoral Universities, Asian Female students have the highest graduation rate (73.2%).

The department of education defines graduation rate as the percentage of full-time, first-time students who received a degree or award within 150% of "normal time" to completion.

The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) categorizes any student who is studying in the United States on a temporary basis as a "Non-Resident Alien", and the graduation rate of those students is shown in the chart below. Additionally, 1.89% of graduates (6980 students) did not report their race.

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Race & Ethnicity by Share

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity (2022)
  1. White
    535,137 degrees awarded
  2. Hispanic or Latino
    140,207 degrees awarded
  3. Asian
    129,699 degrees awarded

The most common race/ethnicity at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity is white (535,137 degrees awarded). There were 3.82 times more white recipients than the next closest race/ethnicity group, hispanic or latino (140207 degrees).

2.57% of degree recipients (28,049 students) did not report their race.

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Race & Ethnicity by Sex

Most Common Sex Demographic (2022)
  1. White Female
    293,598 degrees awarded
  2. White Male
    241,539 degrees awarded
  3. Hispanic or Latino Female
    83,787 degrees awarded

The most common race/ethnicity and sex grouping at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity is white female (293,598 degrees awarded). There were 1.22 times more white female recipients than the next closest race/ethnicity group, white male (241539 degrees).

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Operations

Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity has an endowment valued at nearly $1.68B, as of the end of the 2022 fiscal year. The return on its endowment was of −NaNB (−NaNk%) compared to the 1.13% average return (4.2M on 373M) across all Doctoral Universities.

In 2022, Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity had a total salary expenditure of 1.71B. Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity employs 59,723 Professors, 41,324 Associate professors and 38,225 Assistant professors. Most academics at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity are Male Professor (41,175), Male Associate professor (22,767), and Female Assistant professor (19,504).

The most common positions for non-instructional staff at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity are: Computer, Engineering, and Science, with 94,182 employees, Business and Financial Operations, with 92,380 employees, and Office and Administrative Support with 82,798 employees.

Endowment

$1.68B
2022 Endowment
3.77%
decline from 2021

Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity has an endowment valued at about $1.68B, as of the end of the 2022 fiscal year. The endowment of Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity declined 3.77% from the previous year. The value of their endowment was $1.31B higher than than the median endowment of Doctoral Universities according to the Carnegie Classification grouping.

This line chart shows how the endowment at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity (in red) compares to that of some similar universities.

The small bar chart below shows the endowment quintiles for all universities in the Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity Carnegie Classification grouping.

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Government Grants and Contracts

Grants & Contracts
  1. $44.3B - Federal
  2. $3.87B - State
  3. $813M - Local

As of 2022, Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity received $44.3B in grants and contracts from the federal government, $3.87B from state grants and contracts, and $813M from local grants and contracts.

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Salary Expenditure

$800M
2022 Salaries
4.09%
growth from 2021

In 2022, Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity paid a median of $800M in salaries, which represents 46.7% of their overall expenditure ($1.71B) and a 4.09% growth from the previous year.

The median for similar Doctoral Universities is 246M (41.5% of overall expenditures).

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Instructional Salaries

$22.8B
Instructional Salaries
173,606
Number of Employees

In 2022, Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity paid a total of $22.8B to 173,606 employees working as instructors, which represents 15.6% of all salaries paid.

This is compared to a median of $73.7M (30%) for similar Doctoral Universities.

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Occupations by Share

Professor
Most Common Instructor
59,723 Employees
Computer, Engineering, and Science
Most Common Non-Instructional Employee
94,182 Employees

In 2022, the most common positions for instructional staff at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity were Professor with 59,723 employees, Associate professor with 41,324 employees, and Assistant professor with 38,225 employees.

In 2022, the most common positions for non-instructional staff at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity were Computer, Engineering, and Science with 94,182 employees, Business and Financial Operations with 92,380 employees, and Office and Administrative Support with 82,798 employees.

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Instructors by Academic Rank and Sex

Most Common Demographic (2022)
  1. Male Professor
  2. Male Associate professor
  3. Female Assistant professor

In 2022, the most common demographic for instructional staff at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity was Male Professor with 41,175 employees, Male Associate professor with 22,767 employees, and Female Assistant professor with 19,504 employees.

This chart shows the sex split between each academic rank present at Doctoral Universities: Highest Research Activity.

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